Birds – Uganda
Uganda’s remarkable avian diversity (over 1000 species within an area similar in size to Great Britain) can be attributed to its location between the East African savannah, West African rainforests and semi-desert of the north. The country has only two endemics which only occur in the country, but if you only take East Africa into consideration, there are 150 species to be found only in Uganda. Migrant birds are present from November to April.
Endemic & Near-Endemic Birds(E) endemic = only lives in Uganda
(NE) near-endemic = also lives in neighboring countries
Other Birding Specials–Treats for Avid Birders
Facts & Figures
Nov to Apr
Best Time for Bird Watching
From a birder's perspective, Uganda is good all year-round, especially since the main birding interest lies in the resident birds. The climate is the main factor to take into consideration. Uganda is a very wet country. During the Wet seasons, roads and forest trails might be in poor condition and rains could interfere with birding time.
In general, the best time for bird watching is from late May through September, when there is less rain and food is abundant. The main nesting season in Bwindi and Mgahinga (key sites for the Albertine Rift endemics) is May and June, but from mid-April to mid-May the rains might still be too heavy. February and early March is the only time Toro-Semliki is relatively dry, but it is uncomfortably hot in the north, including in Murchison Falls NP. December and January are also good months since the north is not yet too hot and there is less rain in the south. The best time for primate tracking and wildlife viewing in the savannah reserves is also in the Dry season, from June to August and December to February.
Best Parks for Birding –Includes Birding Rating
Murchison Falls is excellent for seeing a wide array of common birds and specials, including the sought-after shoebill. Bwindi Impenetrable and Mgahinga National Park are the most accessible sites for Albertine Rift endemics (birds restricted to the Albertine Rift), and Semuliki is the only place in East Africa to see many Guinea-Congo regional species.
- Bwindi NP
- Lake Mburo NP
- Mgahinga Gorilla NP
- Murchison Falls NP
- Queen Elizabeth NP
- Toro-Semliki WR