Becoming a Safari Guide - Week 1: Pulling Helen’s Hair
“Stupid bird likes to pull every Helens hair” said Pietro with a grin, “Remember this and it will help you with identification”. Pietro is a safari guide. And we were in Tarangire National Park, which forms the southern piece in a jigsaw of stunning national parks in northern Tanzania.
Tarangire might not be as well-known as the nearby Serengeti or Ngorongoro conservation area, but it’s every bit the equal of these two household name parks. At least that’s the case during the June to January dry season. At this time of year wildebeest and zebra by the thousand pour into the park. They seek a cold drink at the ever water-logged swamps and the Tarangire river which forms the core of the park. Lying in wait for the herbivores are hundreds of lions which are known for their rare tree climbing antics. In addition to this epic sweep of predators and prey are the elephants. And in Tarangire they come in wildebeest migration-sized herds. In fact, Tarangire is known for having one of the densest elephant populations in Africa.
The wet season
However, now is not the dry season. And at this time of year, the rains replenish waterholes and the grass grows fresh, short and nutritious in the regions to the north of the park. Many of the animals migrate out to pastures fresh. The zebra and wildebeest are nowhere to be seen. The elephants, whilst still present, become more scattered and harder to find. And the lions blend nearly invisible into the shoulder-high grass.
But though the mammals are gone, the birds are here in abundance. Tarangire is a flapping, squawking, gliding rainbow of colourful wing. And with some 450 species of birds recorded it is, many twitchers would say, the finest single bird-watching destination in Tanzania. Which is lucky because it was birds I was here for.
Before we go any further I have a confession to make. I’m no birdwatcher. Sure I can tell my flamingo from my magpie and my swallow from my osprey. But present me with a selection of LBJ’s or Little Brown Jobs by the ornithological brigade and I’m as confused as an ostrich that’s suddenly taken to the air. Pietro, though, was determined to change that.
Italian by birth and African by desire, Pietro Luraschi has a surfer’s mop of blonde hair, a conviction that only Italians know how to cook (and in this he’s quite probably correct) and a self-taught knowledge of the African bush and the creatures that live within it that’s extraordinary in its depth and breadth. He also just happens to be the head guide for Asilia Africa.
For the past week I have been something of a fly (or perhaps sparrow?) on the wall of an Asilia Africa wildlife guide training camp. The past few days have been all about remembering silly sayings, attending bird-related lectures that were far too complicated for my little brain. And, most excitingly, getting out into the bush and learning how to tell the difference between an Eastern chanting goshawk and a dark chanting goshawk. The difference is that the former has orange legs and a yellow seer, whereas the latter has orange legs and an orange seer.
Asilia Africa employs some forty-six resident guides, four spotters, nine trainees and fifteen safari guides throughout its dozen Tanzanian camps. These have a reputation for being among the best in the business. But in order to stay one step ahead of the game every year, all the guides attend training courses where they can hone their skills and increase their knowledge. This week's group of guides were here to learn all about birds - under the expert guidance of Pietro.
How to ID a bird - what a safari guide should know
We sat up on the banks of the shallow, muddy Tarangire river. “Stuart. It’s your turn”, commanded Pietro, as he pointed at a tall, memorably colourful bird. “Please identify that bird, using the technique we just learnt”. I was nervous. I could barely remember the Stupid Bird Likes To Pull Every Helen’s Hair memory jog (which stands for size, beak, leg, plumage, eye, habit and habitat) let alone act on it. Pietro told us that if we were faced with a bird we didn’t know, we could glance at it briefly through binoculars. And, taking note of the birds size, colourations, habits and habitat, put down our binoculars, pick up a trusted bird book. And hopefully identify our feathered friend for an Asilia guest.
The art of good (and patient) training
“Well”, I hesitantly began as all the other trainees turned to watch, “it’s bigger than a guinea fowl. It has a long, pointed yellow beak. It has very long, reddy-pink legs. Its body is mainly white, but it has black on its wings and a red forehead. Its eye is orange, it seems to be looking for something in the water to eat. And its habitat is wetlands”. I put down my binoculars and start to flick without confidence through the bird book. All the other guides smile indulgently as I struggle with identifying what is to them such an obvious bird. I browse through the raptors and pause on the nightjars. But even I, with my very limited knowledge, quickly realise it doesn’t look like any of these. I move onto water birds. It’s not an albatross... of that I’m sure.
It could perhaps be a heron of some kind, but the colours don’t match. So I flip the page. Ahh, that’s more like it. I’m onto the storks and one seems a perfect match. “So this means it must be a yellow-billed stork,” I triumphantly announce. Pietro nods his head. “Very good,” he says with a sly grin. “But now, remembering what we covered in this mornings lecture, can you tell me about the structural composition of its feathers?”. Oh well, perhaps I still have a bit to learn!
In next week's "becoming a safari guide" blog post I will continue to struggle to get to grips with LBJ’s. And I’ll move onto the ecology course, in which I fancy I might get to remove my dunce cap.
Want to know more about becoming a safari guide?
For more on Stuart’s experiences following the Asilia Africa guide training please see the Asilia blog and follow the Facebook page. And, of course, please check out our SafariBookings blog, where we always keep you posted on safari news, tips and stories.